The Step By Step Guide For Profitable Marigold Farming In India

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The Step By Step Guide For Profitable Marigold Farming In India

Marigold is a plant of the daisy family with orange-ish yellow flowers. It is a herbaceous plant grown annually. Moreover, marigolds have a very long blooming season, and thus marigold fields are a wonderful sight. However, the Marigold Farming in India is done mainly to use its flowers for decoration and religious activities. Also, the Indian marigolds are used in garland and rangoli making.

Common Names And High Yielding Varieties Of Marigold

In India, Marigold is known as Genda in Hindi, Zandu in Marathi, Banthi Puvvu in Telugu, Ganda in Bengali, Camanti in Tamil and Chandu Hoovu in Kannada.

Requirements For Marigold Farming

Below are the steps and requirements for growing high-quality marigolds.

Suitable Soil For Cultivation

Marigold can be grown in almost all kinds of soil, but the preferred soil for its cultivation is sandy loam soil. The soil should be neutral in nature with 7.0 to 7.5 pH, and there must not be any water logging as it reduces the growth of the plant.

Land Preparation & Planting

Marigolds need even ploughing throughout the field to reach a suitable tilth stage and farmers use power tiller or any other efficient farm machinery, to achieve this task. Power tiller is efficiently used for spraying fertilizers in the field. And Power tiller price is also affordable so that marginal farmers can buy it easily. Furthermore, the soil should be made free from impurities and unwanted plants with the help of weeding tools and weedicides. The marigold seedlings are prepared in nurseries, and it takes 1 to 2 years to develop. After the seedlings are raised, they are ready to be transplanted into the field.

Plantation Spacing

The plants need proper spacing for well-bloomed flowers and high-quality yield. The most utilised plantation spacing for marigolds is 35 cm x 35 cm, which is optimum for good quality and dense flowers. The suitable depth for seedling is 1/4th of an inch, sufficient for a firm grip in the soil.

Irrigation Requirements

Marigold needs irrigation once a week, and water should not accumulate in the field as the plants experience a suffocating feeling from the logged water, resulting in low production. However, the interval between irrigations should depend on the dryness of the topsoil.

Diseases And Pests

The marigold plant is prone to many diseases and pests such as root rot, black spot, leaf spot, thrips, caterpillars, mealybug, spiders and other hazards as well. But these harms can be undone by using chemical sprays, Along with this, for preparing seed beds there are so many implements used and rotavator is one of them. Similarly, rotavator price is economical so that farmers can buy them easily.

Pinching Process

Pinching is the process which encourages the growth of multiple stems in a plant, resulting in more flower production. It is a crucial step for the proper development of plants. before pinching comes a process called earthing, which is done after 20 days of transplanting seedlings.

Harvesting Marigold

Marigold Farming are ready to be picked after 60 days of planting. Their plucking is done by every 3 days. Flowering starts in the French variety after 45 days and 60 days in the African variety. Moreover, the average marigold yield is 90 to 140 quintals or 6 to 10 tonnes per hectare.

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