Rubber Cultivation In India – The Farm To Market Process

Rubber Cultivation In India – The Farm To Market Process

Rubber is an elastic material obtained from latex and has numerous applications in our daily life. Latex is a material which has a thick liquid consistency and milky white colour. It is found in some particular plants. Such as the “Hevea Brasiliensis”. 

If you want to know the requirements and step-by-step process of rubber cultivation, then this is the right place for you.

Rubber Cultivation Guide

Below are the necessary steps and requirements for rubber farming.

Suitable Soil For Rubber Cultivation

Rubber thrives best in laterite soil, and it needs a range of 5.0 to 6.0 pH for proper growth. Moreover, the nature of the soil should be slightly acidic. Finally, the soil must be porous for the rubber plant’s survival. If the soil has adequate organic matter, rubber can also flourish on red alluvial soils. 

Land Preparation 

The first step in land preparation is getting rid of unwanted plants or vegetation. This is known as clearing. Farmers use the Swaraj 744 or any good quality tractor to make this task easier. Although clearing has a significant role in land preparation, an excessive amount can cause soil erosion because over-clearing could expose the soil to various unsuitable conditions. 

When the land is cleared against weeds and unnecessary materials, it is ready for plantation. The most preferred plantation methods for rubber trees are square and rectangular patterns, which are opted according to the level of the land. If the land is flat-surfaced, then the square method is used. At the same time, the sloped land requires a rectangular pattern for plantation.  

Climatic Conditions For Rubber

Rubber plants need 5 to 6 hours of sunlight. Therefore, the recommended temperature suitable for this plant is 20 to 35 degrees celsius. However, low temperatures and heavy winds can resist the growth of rubber.

There should be 75% humidity and heavy rainfall from 200 cm to 300 cm, which must be distributed uniformly. The best season for rubber cultivation lasts from June to July.

Seedling Preparation

The seedlings are prepared in the nurseries under suitable conditions and are then transplanted in the field.  

Broadcasting Fertilizers And Manures

Rubber needs organic fertilizers and manure. There is a need for approximately 225 grams of rock phosphate and 12 kg of organic waste per pit, which is fully rotten. Farm machinery, like the Powertrac euro 50, is available in the market for efficiently broadcasting fertilizer.

Tapping Operation

This process begins when the rubber tree reaches a height of 125 cm to 130 cm along with a girth of 50 cm. Tapping is the process by which latex is obtained from cutting the bark of the trees. This process decides the cost of labour in rubber cultivation. The maximum recommended tapping frequency is once in 3 to 4 days.

Yield From Rubber Trees

The yield of rubber increases with time. The maximum yield can be observed after 14 to 15 years of planting the trees. The budded plants can give upto 900 kg of rubber per hectare, whereas the quantity obtained from seedling trees is about 400 kg per hectare.

Hope you like this blog. For more blogs regarding different types of farming, stay tuned with us.


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